Tambora : Greets The World

April 1st, 2015 | by TheJourneyMagz
Tambora : Greets The World
Adventure Travel

April 5th 1815, won’t be a regular day for the people of Sumbawa Island. Their peaceful life were about to be interrupted by the devastating force of nature.

Standing tall on the northern shore of the island, the majestic Mount Tombora began to rumble and generated a dark cloud. A huge eruption occurred, followed by thunderous detonation sounds, heard in Makassar on Sulawesi, 380 km (240 mi) away, Batavia (now Jakarta) on Java 1,260 km (780 mi) away, and Ternate on the Molucca Islands 1,400 km (870 mi) away. On the morning of 6 April, volcanic ash began to fall all the way to East Java with faint detonation sounds lasting until 10 April.


In the evening of April 10th 1815, the eruptions intensified.The three columns river of molten
magma rose up and merged,the whole mountain was turned into a flowing mass of “liquid fire”. To make things worse, pile of pumice stones of up to 20 cm (7.9 in) in diameter started to rain down, followed by Pyroclastic flows cascaded down the mountain to the shores of the peninsula, wiping out the Tambora villages.

Loud explosions were heard until the next evening, then the caldera collapse and causing tsunamis that whipped the entire peninsula. The next day the ash veil had spread as far as West Java and South Sulawesi. The heavy volcanic ash falls reached as far away as Borneo, Sulawesi, Java, and Maluku Islands. The death toll was at least 71,000 people and almost half of the mountain is perish.


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